Scientific Advisory Board

The Scientific Advisory Board includes Dr. Low and distinguished scientists in the fields of Neuroscience, Sleep Research and Engineering.

Dr. Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Ph.D, is a Professor of Psychiatry at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine, Director of the Gillin Sleep and Chronomedicine Research Center and Director of Education at the Sleep Medicine Center at UCSD. Dr. Ancoli-Israel is a former President of the Sleep Research Society (SRS) and the Association of Professional Sleep Societies (APSS). She is a world class authority on sleep. Her work investigates sleep in relation to aging, circadian rhythms, breathing, periodic limb movements, parasomnias, insomnia, light therapy, fatigue, Alzheimer's and cancer. Dr. Ancoli-Israel is author of over 300 publications and three books, including "All I Want is a Good Night's Sleep" and the recipient of the 2007 National Sleep Foundation's Lifetime Achievement Award and the Sleep Research Society Mary A. Carskadon Outstanding Educator Award.

Dr. Sydney Brenner, Senior Distinguished Fellow of the Crick-Jacobs Center at the Salk Institute, is one of the leading pioneers in genetics and molecular biology. Most recently, Dr. Brenner has been studying vertebrate gene and genome evolution. His work in this area has resulted in new ways of analyzing gene sequences, which has developed a new understanding of the evolution of vertebrates. Among his many notable discoveries, Dr. Brenner established the existence of messenger RNA and demonstrated how the order of amino acids in proteins is determined. He also conducted pioneering work with the roundworm, a model organism now widely used to study genetics. His research with Caenorhabditis elegans garnered insights into aging, nerve cell function and controlled cell death, or apoptosis. Dr. Brenner is a Fellow of the Royal Society, a Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences, a recipient of the Lasker Award and the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

Dr. Fred H. Gage is the Adler Professor in the Laboratory of Genetics at the Salk Institute. Dr. Gage is a pioneer in Neuroscience. His work concentrates on the adult central nervous system and unexpected plasticity and adaptability to environmental stimulation that remains throughout the life of all mammals. Dr. Gage's lab showed that, contrary to accepted dogma, adult human beings are capable of growing new brain cells, a process called Neurogenesis. Dr. Gage is the co-founder of Stem Cells, Inc., a member of the National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a former president of the Society for Neuroscience (SfN), a recipient of the Christopher Reeve Research Medal, the Max Planck Research Prize, the IPSEN Prize in Neuronal Plasticity, and the MetLife Award for Medical Research. Dr. Gage was named one of Time magazine's 100 Innovators in Science for the 21st century. Dr. Gage was elected to the American Philosophical Society in April 2010.

Dr. Ronald L. Graham is the Irwin and Joan Jacobs Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering and Chief Scientist at the California Institute for Telecommunication and Information Technology (CalIT2) at UCSD. He is widely credited as one of the principal architects of the rapid development worldwide of discrete mathematics in recent years. A longtime collaborator of the late Paul Erdos, Dr. Graham is the author of over 300 hundred papers and five books. He is a former Chief Scientist at Bell laboratories and president of the American Mathematical Society (AMS), a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery, a recipient of the Steele Prize for Lifetime Achievement and is currently serving his third four-year term as treasurer of the National Academy of Sciences. According to the Guinness Book of Records, Graham discovered the largest number used in a mathematical proof, a.k.a Graham's number. Dr. Graham is also the former president of the International Jugglers Association.

Dr. Roger Guillemin is a founding member of the scientific advisory board of NeuroVigil, from which he retired prior to his appointment as President of the Salk Institute, where he is also a Distinguished Professor. Dr. Guillemin has discovered an entire new class of substances shown to be important for the regulation of growth, development, reproduction and responses to stress. The impact of Dr. Guillemin's studies has been profound for a variety of diseases and disorders, including thyroid diseases, problems of infertility, diabetes and several types of tumors. One of these hormones, called growth-hormone releasing factor, is used to treat growth deficiencies in children; another, called somatostatin, is used to treat acromegaly and other types of pituitary diseases. Dr. Guillemin also was among the first to isolate endorphins, brain molecules known to act as natural opiates. Dr. Guillemin is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Arts and Sciences and a recipient of the Lasker Award, the Dickson Prize in Medicine, the National Medal of Science and the 1977 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Dr. Guillemin is also a talented artist and one of the early proponents of digital computer paintings.

Stephen W. Hawking, D.Phil., is the former Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge and author of A Brief History of Time which was an international bestseller. Now Director of Research at the Institute for Theoretical Cosmology at Cambridge, his other books for the general reader include A Briefer History of Time, the essay collection Black Holes and Baby Universes, and The Universe in a Nutshell. In 1963, Hawking contracted motor neurone disease and was given two years to live. He went on to Cambridge to become a brilliant researcher and Professorial Fellow at Gonville and Caius College. Since 1979 he has held the post of Lucasian Professor at Cambridge, the chair held by Isaac Newton in 1663. Professor Hawking has over a dozen honorary degrees and was awarded the CBE in 1982. He is a fellow of the Royal Society and a Member of the US National Academy of Science. Stephen Hawking is regarded as one of the most brilliant theoretical physicists since Einstein. [Source:]

Dr. Terrence J. Sejnowski is a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator, the Francis Crick Professor and Director of the Crick-Jacobs Center for Theoretical and Computational Biology at the Salk Institute. He is one of the world's foremost experts in Neuroscience and a Pioneer in the field of Computational Neuroscience. His laboratory has developed diverse and powerful techniques to understand neurophysiologic activity and addresses the computational resources which the brain uses at many levels. Dr. Sejnowski is the founder of the journal Neural Computation, the president of the Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS) conference, the director of the Institute for Neural Computation at UCSD and the director of the Computational Neurobiology Laboratory at the Salk Institute. He is the author of several books including "Thalamocortical Assemblies, how ion channels, single neurons, and large-scale Networks organize sleep oscillations" and an editor of "The Regulation of Sleep". He is the recipient of the Wright Prize, the Hebb Prize and the Neural Network Pioneer Award. Dr. Sejnowski was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in April 2010.

Dr. Jerome M. Siegel is Professor of Psychiatry and the Director of the Center for Sleep Research at UCLA. Dr. Siegel is a world known authority in the sleep field. His laboratory has made discoveries concerning the role of molecules called hypocretins in narcolepsy. Dr. Siegel is also an expert in sleep phylogeny. He has discovered that the platypus, a primitive mammal, has REM sleep and that marine mammals can go without sleep for long periods without ill effects. Dr. Siegel is a former president of the SRS, the author of "The Neural Control of Sleep and Waking" and the recipient of the NIH MERIT and Javits awards.

Dr. Donald J. Spencer is currently a staff scientist in the Computational Neurobiology Laboratory at the Salk Institute and a visiting scholar in the Jacobs School of Engineering at UCSD. His studies focus on how brain cells store, process and transmit information both individually and in networks. He is also an expert in digital image processing and spread spectrum communications. Dr. Spencer is an alumnus of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and a former director of TRW's Avionics Systems Division. He installed the first American Broadband VLF recording equipment and the first radio noise synoptic recording station in Antarctica.

Dr. Jean-Paul Spire is a Professor in the Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery and the Director of the Clinical Neurophysiology Laboratories and Sleep Disorders Center at the University of Chicago. Dr. Spire's major clinical interests have been in the surgical management of intractable epilepsies and in the diagnosis and treatment of the organic sleep disorders such as narcolepsy and sleep apneas. His research interests include true spatial reconstructive imaging with PET, MRI, functional topography of the brain, and three-dimensional evoked potential studies.

Dr. Andrew J. Viterbi is the co-Founder of Linkabit Corporation and Qualcomm, Inc., Professor in the Jacobs School of Engineering at UCSD and the President of the Viterbi Group. He is the inventor of the famous Viterbi algorithm and an alumnus of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Dr. Viterbi is widely regarded as a pioneer in the field of Wireless Communications, especially Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) Wireless Technology. He is a Life Fellow of the IEEE and a member of the National Academy of Engineering and of the National Academy of Sciences.

Dr. Stephen Wolfram is a scientist, author, and business leader. He is the creator of Mathematica, the author of A New Kind of Science, and the founder and CEO of Wolfram Research. His career has been characterized by a sequence of original and significant achievements. He received his Ph.D. in theoretical physics from Caltech by the age of 20. In recognition of his early work in physics and computing, Wolfram became in 1981 the youngest recipient of a MacArthur Prize Fellowship. Having started to use computers in 1973, Wolfram rapidly became a leader in the emerging field of scientific computing, and in 1979 he began the construction of SMP--the first modern computer algebra system--which he released commercially in 1981.